Project Report on Papain Extraction Industry [EIRI-1418]

Project Report on Papain Extraction Industry [EIRI-1418]
Product Description
Project Report on Papain Extraction Industry [EIRI-1418]

The papaya is the fruit of the papaya tree (Carica papaya) native of Central America.The fruit ripens from 4 to 6 months  depending on the climate where it is grown (Salunkhe and Kadam, 1995).  The cultivation of this fruit has two main purposes: the sale of  the fruit  for human consumption and the extraction of  enzymes  that constitute 40% of the latex in 1 mM concentrations. The papain is a natural proteolytic enzyme that is extracted from the latex  in the leaf, the stem and the papaya's unripe fruits. Papain is used in a many industrial fields (like pharmaceutical, brewery,  meat, dairy,   textile,  photographic, optical, tanning, cosmetic, detergents,  food  and  leather industry),  because  a  synthetic enzyme is not capable of simulating the properties of the natural enzyme,  which  increased its demand. The process to  obtain  raw papain consists of two main stages: latex extraction and  drying. A third stage, purification, may be used if a purified papain is wanted. This work compares the crude enzymatic activity  obtained from  locally Carica papaya using the unripe fruit and  the  skin juice  under different drying processes and evaluates the  enzyme activity for the proposed purification procedure. A common enzyme known as papain is obtained from the green papaya (pawpaw) fruit. Enzymes are proteins that can increase the rate of  biological changes  such  as  the ripening of fruit. At  the end of an enzyme catalysed reaction  the  enzyme  itself  is unchanged and  is able to react again. Enzymes can be generally recognized by the ending -ase. This either indicates  the  nature  of  the substance  affected  by  the enzyme  (e.g. carbohydrase  acts on  carbohydrate material  and proteases  acts  on proteins) or to indicate  the   nature   of   the  reaction e.g.  transferases catalyse  the  transfer  of  atoms  or groups of atoms  within  a substance.

Cost Estimation
Plant Capacity                          100 KGS/Day
Land & Building (Area 3 Acres)    Rs. 90 Lacs
Plant & Machinery                     Rs. 82 Lacs         
W.C. for 3 Months                     Rs. 62 Lacs           
Total Capital Investment            Rs. 2.45 Cr.              
Rate of Return                          46%   
Break Even Point                       48%

Note: ITI can modify the Capacity and Project Cost based on your requirement.

Contents of the Project Reports

Uses and Applications
Market Position
Present Manufacturers
Detailed Process of Manufacture
B.I.S. Specifications
Process Flow Sheet Diagram, Plant Layout,
Cost Economics with Profitability Analysis
Land & Building Requirements with Rates
List & Details of Plant and Machinery with their Costs
Raw Materials Details/List and Costs
Power & Water Requirements
Labour/Staff Requirements
Utilities and Overheads
Total Capital Investment
Cost of Production
Break Even Point
Land Man Ratio
Suppliers of Plant & Machineries and Raw Materials
Cash Flow Statement
Repayment Schedule
Interest Chart
Depreciation Chart
Projected Balance Sheet for 5 Years etc.

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