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Building Materials & Chemicals

Building Materials & Chemicals
Building Materials & Chemicals
Product Code : 07
Product Description

Building Materials & Chemicals

Ceramics (inorganic materials) have been important materials which human beings have used as well as metals and polymers. As the oldest artificial materials, ceramics have been made from clays by firing. Recent and modern ceramics, except for a few examples like glasses, have also been fabricated from powders by firing and/or sintering after shaping/moulding. Powder processings including nano-particles, therefore, have been developed in the present time. In addition, gaseous processings utilizing molecules, clusters, atoms, and/or ions in vacuum have been studied extensively to fabricate ceramics thin films. The performances of the products from gasses are much better than those from powders, but their environmental and economical costs are enormous because those gaseous species have much higher energies than the solids. We must consider environmental and economical costs due to the consumption and waste of those energies in gaseous processings.
In order to eliminate such environmental and economical costs, we must look for alternative routes to fabricate high performance ceramic materials. On the other hands, some ceramics (biominerals) have been fabricated biologically in nature under mild conditions in aqueous solution systems without any strong activation like firing, vaporization, ionization, etc. Those biological fabrication should be most environmentally friendly, however, the products are strictly limited in biominerals like CaCO3, Caphosphate, Fe3O4(FeOOH), SiO2, Sulphates, Oxalates. (Practically no metals and alloys can be made in biological systems, nor most widely used polymers like polyethylene, polypropylene, nylon, PET, polyvinyl chlorides, etc., can be made in biological systems).
There exist severe limitations in bio-produced materials Considering such thermodynamical, kinetical, historical, and environmental conditions, we are proposing “Soft Processing for Advanced Inorganic Materials,” which has been learned from nature but not limited by nature. Therefore “Soft Processing” should be the third one which locates between “Bio-processing” and “Artificial High Energetic Processing.” Several ceramics examples by Soft Processing will be presented. In addition, my explanation will include what are main differences in ceramics, metals, and polymers? Why ceramics have not been made by melt/casting which is most fast production thus commonly used in plastics, polymers even in metals and alloys. How must we consider about sustainable materials development in future?, etc.

Contents-cum-Index

Introduction

  • Types of ceramic products

  • Examples of whiteware ceramics

  • Classification of technical ceramics

  • Other applications of ceramics

  • Types of ceramic materials

  • Crystalline ceramics

  • Noncrystalline ceramics

Ceramics vs. Fine Ceramics

  • Classification of Ceramics

  • Pottery and Ceramics

  • Ceramics

  • Glass

  • Cement

  • Refractories

  • Grinding Wheels

  • Porcelain enamels

  • Pottery and Ceramics

  • Earthernware

  • Pottery

  • Stoneware

  • Porcelain

  • Fine Ceramics

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